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Expert Corner

Intellectual Property expert

How to reduce the cost of patent validation? Comment réduire les frais de validation ? Traduction de brevet et taxes officielles

This article is the first of a series of articles aimed at looking at how applicants can reduce the cost of patent validation . This first article will look at the various factors affecting the price paid by applicants to protect their inventions in the various European countries (European Patent Validation stage) and how applicants can act to reduce the cost of the validation of their patents.

 

Many factors impact on the cost of patent validation

 

Patent translation cost

 

The validation process includes the translation of a granted European Patent into the local language of the country in which an applicant chooses to validate their European Patent. Once the translation of the patent is ready, an authorised representative will file the translation at the local patent office. The validation process also requires the payment of an official fee to the local patent office. The translation costs are typically based on the number of words in the part of the patent which needs to be translated. Some validation providers offer a set price for translation up to a maximum number of words, meaning  it is important to check the actual number of words of your patent to ensure such a flat fee arrangement is to your advantage. Some countries require the translation of the claims, others the translation of the claims, specification and sequence listings and drawings (if any). It is important to check the translation requirements in the various countries to ensure only necessary translations are performed. Checking the number of words in your patent is also worth while to ensure charges are based on a correct word count. Request a detailed invoice from your validation supplier if the charges are not listed separately.

 

Official fees

 

In countries where the official fees depend on the number of pages in the translated patent, the number of pages may have a big impact on the cost. Validations in Spain are particularly impacted by the number of pages. The recent change in the format of Spanish translations has, however, helped lower the cost of validation in this country. The number of claims in the majority of countries has no impact on the price. As most applicants will know at the validation stage, the official fees paid to the European Patent Office based on the number of claims have been paid by the time the patent has been granted. The number of pages of, and any text in the drawings will also add to the translation fee. Patent translation price differentials between countries can be quite high, it is always interesting to compare prices on the same basis (i.e.) within a country or between countries which share the same language. A good quality patent translation can only be performed by a native speaker of the target language, please refer to my article on “Patent translation: Translation agency or IP firm” for comments on translation suppliers.

 

As discussed the number of words and the number of pages are the main factors impacting on translation costs. The number of pages also impact on the amount of official fees due at local patent offices. It is important to ensure your validation supplier uses a format which will meet the criteria set by the local patent office and reduce the amount of official fees to the minimum. It is important the criteria meet the requirements of the local patent office so that your validation process completes by the set deadline without any problem. It is worth noting that while a large proportion of European patents are granted in English, patents in languages other than English (French and German cases) often carry higher translation rates. The price differential will often depend on the organisation of the firms performing the translation and on the target languages. A price differential of between 10 and 15% is common. The language an application is filed in is therefore another element to consider at the drafting stage if companies and applicants are looking to reduce the cost of validation.

 

Another way applicants can ensure lower validation costs is to decide, at the drafting stage, a style which ensures the amount of repetition is kept to a minimum. A reduction in word count in a specification, for example, will impact on the cost of validation in more than half of the countries available under the EPC system.

 

A second article on validations will discuss ways for applicants to reduce the cost of validation at the time they place instructions with their validation suppliers.

 

 

Cet article est le premier de la série d’articles consacrés au coût de la validation des brevets européens et en particulier à la réduction de ce coût. Ce premier article passera en revue les différents facteurs qui ont une incidence sur le prix de la protection des inventions dans les différents pays européens.

 

Coût de traduction de votre brevet

 

La procédure de validation comprend la traduction d’un brevet européen délivré dans la langue locale du pays dans lequel vous souhaitez obtenir protection. Une fois que la traduction du brevet est prête, un représentant autorisé déposera la traduction auprès de l’Office national de brevet. La procédure de validation comprend aussi le versement d’une taxe officielle auprès de l’Office national de brevet. Les coûts de traduction sont typiquement calculés sur la base du compte de mot dans la partie du brevet qui doit être traduite. Certains fournisseurs de validation proposent un prix fixe pour la traduction d’un nombre maximum de mots. Il est important de vérifier le nombre de mots de votre brevet pour s’assurer que ce prix fixe est à votre avantage. Dans certains pays la traduction des revendications est requise, dans d’autres, la traduction complète du brevet est exigée (revendications, descriptions, dessins). Il est important de vérifier les exigences en matière de traduction dans les différents pays afin de s’assurer que seules les traductions nécessaires soient effectuées. La vérification du compte de mot de votre brevet est également utile afin de vérifier que les prix sont sur la base d’un compte de mot correct. Demandez une facture détaillée auprès de votre fournisseur de validation si le détail des tarifs ne vous est pas fourni.

 

Taxes Officielles

 

Dans les pays où le montant des taxes officielles dépend du nombre de pages dans le brevet traduit, le nombre de page peut avoir un impact important sur le coût de la validation. Les validations en Espagne sont particulièrement sujettes à cela. Le changement récent du format des traductions en Espagnol a cependant permis la réduction du coût de la protection dans ce pays. Le nombre de revendications n’a aucune incidence sur le prix dans la plupart des pays. Comme beaucoup de demandeurs le sauront, les taxes officielles versées à l’OEB sont calculées sur la base du nombre de revendications et celles-ci ont déjà été acquittées avant la délivrance du brevet. Le nombre de pages et tout texte dans les dessins viendra s’ajouter au frais de traduction. Le différentiel de prix dans les différents pays peut être élevé, il est toujours intéressant de comparer les prix sur la même base c’est-à-dire dans le même pays ou dans des pays qui ont des langues en commun. Une traduction de brevet de bonne qualité doit être réalisée par un traducteur de langue maternelle du texte cible, l’article intitulé « Traduction de brevet : Cabinet de traduction ou Cabinet PI » traite plus avant de la traduction de brevet.

 

Comme nous l’avons dit le nombre de mots et le nombre de pages sont les facteurs les plus importants influant sur les coûts de traduction. Le nombre de pages a également un impact sur le montant des taxes officielles dues auprès des différents Offices nationaux. Il est important de s’assurer que votre fournisseur de validation utilise un format qui satisfera les critères établis par l’Office de brevet national et réduira le montant des taxes officielles au minimum. Il est important que les critères de l’Office national de brevet soient respectés pour que le processus de validation se déroule sans problème. Une grande proportion des brevets européens délivrés sont en langue anglaise. Les brevets dans les autres langues (français et allemand) ont des frais de traduction plus élevés. Le différentiel de prix dépendra de l’organisation du cabinet qui effectue les traductions et des langues cibles. Un différentiel de prix entre 10 et 15% est courant. La langue dans laquelle un brevet est déposé est par conséquent un autre élément à prendre en compte au moment de la rédaction du brevet si les entreprises et les demandeurs cherchent à réduire les coûts de validation.

 

Une autre façon de réduire les coûts de validation est de décider au moment de la rédaction d’un style d’écriture qui permettra de limiter le nombre de répétitions. Une diminution du compte de mot d’une description ou spécification par exemple aura un impact sur le coût de la validation dans plus de la moitié des pays de la CBE.

 

Un deuxième article portera sur la façon dont les demandeurs peuvent influer sur les coûts de validation au moment de l’envoi de leurs instructions.

 

 

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